Different complications occurring in the body due to type 2 diabetes

Sugar or glucose which is obtained from the foods we eat is used as energy by the cells with the help of the insulin produced by the pancreas, when the pancreas is not able to produce insulin properly then sugar in the blood increases and diabetes occurs. Type 2 diabetes complications are mainly due to improper blood sugar level management.

In type 2 diabetes the causes are

The pancreas will produce insulin but it is not used properly by the body

The body may become insulin resistance

The insulin produced by the pancreas is not enough.

If blood sugar is not maintained properly then complications of diabetes mellitus are very high. Improper management may lead to complications in every part of the body. The main parts which get affected due to diabetes are

  • Heart

  • Blood vessels

  • Eyes

  • Kidney

  • Nerves

  • Teeth

  • Skin

  • Foot

Proper maintenance is important for avoiding complications due to diabetes.

Heart-related complications

People with diabetes are more likely to have cardiovascular disease than people without diabetes. If the diabetes is not properly maintained then the risk of getting the blood clot is high. The possibility of experiencing a stroke is very high for diabetic patients. Proper care of blood sugar levels is very important for avoiding complications due to diabetes.

Eye related complications

The eye is mainly affected when blood sugar is not in control. Complications related to the eye is

  • Glaucoma

  • Cataracts

  • Nonproliferative retinopathy

  • Macular edema

  • Proliferative retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is detected in almost 1 in 3 people living with diabetes. Also, diabetes is the main reason for blindness in working people.

Nerve related complications

The high amount of sugar in the blood will result in damage to tiny blood vessels which may cause complications in nerves. Damage in nerves will lead to diabetic foot

  • Peripheral neuropathy

  • Autonomic neuropathy

  • Charcot’s Joint

  • Cranial neuropathy

  • Femoral neuropathy

  • Unilateral foot drop

Skin related complications

Due to the poor circulation of blood in the body, it may lead to many infections. If the skin is not maintained properly then skin complications will be high in people with diabetes.

The skin complications experienced are

  • Bacterial infections

  • Fungal infections

  • Itching

  • Acanthosis nigricans

  • Diabetic dermopathy

  • Diabetic blisters

  • Digital sclerosis

  • Disseminated granuloma annulare

Maintaining good skin care is very important for avoiding skin related complications.

Kidney related complications

There are millions of tiny blood vessels present in the kidney. If the blood sugar level is high for a very long time then it will damage the blood vessels and kidney failure will occur. Diabetes is the main reason for chronic kidney disease.

Oral complications

Gum disease is more common in people with diabetes. If not maintained properly then it may lead to inflammation of the gums. Diabetes is also one of the causes of tooth loss.

Diabetic ketoacidosis complications

When blood sugar level decreases then the chance for diabetic ketoacidosis is high. When there is no sugar present in the body the insulin will start to convert the fat in the body to energy which will result in the discharge of ketones. High levels of ketones are poisonous and may lead to diabetic coma.

Other health complications related to diabetes are

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Loss of hearing

  • Delayed healing of wounds

  • Loss of weight

For any types of diabetes, there is only one treatment and it is to maintain the blood sugar level properly. If you feel any type 2 diabetes symptoms check your blood sugar level immediately and start your treatment with no delay.

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Improving medical care with Cankado PRO-React Diabetes

Cankado has an innovation to improve medical care of patients in the phase of diabetes treatment. The digital healthcare application, Pro-react Diabetes that works based on electronic patient-reported outcome[Epro], assists both patients and physicians in tracking the disease progression. The feature of an auto-generated situation-specific symptom questionnaire and answer tailored behavior recommendations on the patient side improves diabetic care.

Cankado PRO-React Diabetes

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