Hypertension and COVID-19

Take extra and special care if you high blood pressure in this COVID-19 outbreak time. In Italy, the percentage of people diet due to COVID-19 having hypertension is about 76%. In China, up to 50% of the patients reported with COVID-19 having any of the conditions like hypertension, diabetes or cancer. Special care to be taken to patients with hypertension and COVID-19 precautions to be followed.

What is COVID-19?

According to a report from the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the newly discovered coronavirus. There are more than 300 thousand confirmed cases reported and above 14 thousand death has been confirmed

COVID-19 has started in china and transmitted to more than 100 countries globally. Because of the incubation period of 14 days its transmission is rapid.

Symptoms of coronavirus

  • Dry mouth

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest pain

  • Sore throat

Why hypertension patients are at high risk?

Normally the high blood pressure damages the arteries in the heart and reduces the flow of blood to your heart. SO your heart needs to work extra hard to pump blood. After a long time, this extra work will weaken the heart and oxygen-rich pumping will be very low. The reasons for risk factors are

  • People with hypertension and other condition have a weaker immune system.

  • Aging will reduce your immune power

  • People above 60 are mostly diagnosed with hypertension

Another risk factor making the hypertension people high at risk are

As per International society of hypertension two commonly used classes of blood pressure-lowering agents

  • ACE-Inhibitors

  • Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

Will increase the risk of low outcomes for people with infection COVID-19.

Despite that, there is no vaccine or drug for the treatment of COVID-19 and all hypertension patients are advised to have their prescribed medicines. If the prescribed medicines are taken properly then it may lead to a heart attack or stroke. Hypertension and coronavirus if combined find in any patients and the treatment should be taken with special care.

What precautions for COVID-19 have to be taken for hypertension patients?

Precautions are almost the same for hypertension like other peoples but extra care has to be taken to ensure extra safety to hypertension patients. The precautions have to be taken are

  • Keep your hands clean by cleaning it with soap or 60% alcohol rub

  • Stay at home and avoid crowded places

  • Have the appropriate amount of medicine in stock for one month

  • Clean all places which have more contact in your home

  • Avoid touching any surface in public places

  • Distance yourself from people with a minimum of 1-meter distance.

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