Know about skin conditions like diabetic dermopathy and others caused due to diabetes

According to ADA (American Diabetes Association) skin shows the first sign of diabetes. There are many skin related issues like diabetic dermopathy, diabetes itching, diabetes rash, etc caused due to diabetes. Diabetes can make the existing skin disease more complicated or develop the new one in a diabetic patient.

There are different types of skin conditions and infections caused by diabetes this is due to the following factor.

Patients who have Type 2 diabetes for long term with high blood glucose leads to poor blood circulation which affects the blood flow to the skin, which leads to changes in collagen in the skin that changes skin texture, appearance and ability to heal. Also, changes in sweating are possible.

Changes in skin, injuries or irritation to the skin surrounding the insulin injection site, cuts or wounds that are slow to heal are shown by the different stages.

About 50-95% of diabetic people report skin diseases Some important and most noticeable ones are:

  • Bacterial infection

  • Fungal infection

  • Diabetes dermopathy

  • Necrobiosis lipoidics diabeticorum

  • Acanthosis nigricans

  • Digital sclerosis

Bacterial infection:

The most common bacteria that cause skin infections are staphylococcus and streptococcus.

Mostly on this skin condition skin will be painful and warm to touch, with swelling and redness.

They may increase or decrease according to the blood glucose level.

Also, bacterial infection include Boils, Infection around eyes, Infection in fingernails or toes.

Fungal infection:

Fungal infection is more common in Diabetes people, it is caused mainly by yeast it looks like red, itchy, swollen skin that is surrounded by dry scales. It is usually found in areas like folds of skin, under breasts, in armpits in corner of the mouth. They can spread and worsen if not treated properly.

Diabetic dermopathy :

This is caused due to the damage of small blood vessel that supplies oxygen and nutrition to the skin. Which is also known as “shin spots” visible as light brown scaly patches that are oval or circular. This may lead to retinopathy, neuropathy or kidney disease.

Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum:

This is the same as diabetes dermopathy but larger, over time it becomes shiny, itchy and painful. It occurs mostly in women than in men.

Acanthosis nigricans:

This is a condition on which tan or brown raised areas appear on the sides of the neck, armpits or groin. It is often found in people who are overweight.

Digital Sclerosis:

If you have digital sclerosis then your skin will become thick, tight, waxy, and potentially stiff in joints. High blood sugar level increases the risk of developing digital sclerosis.

Home remedies:

Some home remedies include using talcum powder where skin touches other parts of the skin. Using lotion formulated for dry skin, which can reduce itching.

To avoid:

Keeping the skin dry and clean, avoiding a dry bath, keeping skin moistured, treating cuts properly, taking good care of foot is very important to avoid skin related diseases in diabetic patients.

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