Diabetes LADA - Know all about Type 1.5 Diabetes

Diabetes is becoming common and types that are well known by us are type1 and type2. There are also some categories that won’t fit in these two and next common and the important one is Diabetes LADA (type 1.5 diabetes).

LADA stands for Latent autoimmune diabetes in adult.

Understanding DIABETES LADA:

LADA falls between type 1 and 2 diabetes so it is important to know about both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and also the difference of LADA with them.

The sugar which is obtained from the foods we eat is converted into energy with the help of insulin produced by the pancreas, So if the pancreas produces less insulin or the produced insulin is not used properly then the sugar present in the blood increases and results in diabetes.

In type 1 diabetes the pancreas won’t produce insulin or produce a little amount of insulin which is not enough to convert glucose it to energy in this type patients are advised to take insulin injection to control the blood sugar level.

In type 2 diabetes the pancreas produces insulin and the body becomes insulin resistance and medications are advised to use insulin in the way it has to be.

But the DIABETES LADA falls in between because at the start the pancreas use to produce insulin and later the body needs insulin from external factors like insulin injections due to damage in the beta cells of the pancreas, That’s why it is mentioned as TYPE 1.5 DIABETES.

Risk factors:

  • Diabetes LADA is found in adults more than 30 years of age and it is accounted for a minimum of 6% of cases of diabetes.

  • Some can develop LADA at the age of 70 or 80.

  • People who are diagnosed with Thyroid are said to have type 1.5 diabetes.

  • Family history in which there is a genetic predisposition to type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Causes:

As the cause of LADA is unknown, although diabetes itself is caused by autoimmune damage by antibodies that destroy the pancreas’ beta cells. However, researchers have correlated that genes may be an important factor of type 1.5 diabetes.

Symptoms:

Most of the symptoms are same as type 1 and 2 diabetes

  • Feeling a lot of thirsty

  • Frequent infection

  • Weakness

  • Fatigue

  • dry, itchy skin

  • Tingling or numbness in your hand

  • Frequent urination

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Blurry vision

Diagnosis:

Type 1.5 diabetes is can easily be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes

If you are in

  1. The healthy and proper weight range

  2. Have an active lifestyle

And diagnosed with type 2 diabetes there’s a chance of having LADA.

People with type 1.5 diabetes will have the following criteria

  • They are not obese.

  • Above 30 years of age when diagnosed with diabetes.

  • Unable to manage their diabetes symptoms with oral medications.

  • Can able to lower diabetes with lifestyle changes.

Treatment:

At the start, you can control diabetes using changes in lifestyle by exercising like yoga, dance, etc and eating fiber-rich and healthy foods. Having a good diet like a keto diet, a low carb diet is very important. After that recommended having insulin from the external source to treat the LADA treatment.

Complications:

As same as other diabetes type LADA too make different complications if not treated properly. Such as

  1. Ketoacidosis

  2. Stroke

  3. Retinopathy

  4. Nephropathy

  5. Neuropathy

  6. Foot problems

Prevention:

As type 1 diabetes – there is no prevention for LADA diabetes only way to make life easier is to maintain the blood sugar level proper.

For the management of diabetes, there are various technologies available for proper tracking and management. Cankado provides an e-health solution in the web and app by providing access add your daily health status, reminders for drug intake, etc. Cankado PRO-React presents a unique solution for diabetes for effective management.

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Improving medical care with Cankado PRO-React Diabetes

Cankado has an innovation to improve medical care of patients in the phase of diabetes treatment. The digital healthcare application, Pro-react Diabetes that works based on electronic patient-reported outcome[Epro], assists both patients and physicians in tracking the disease progression. The feature of an auto-generated situation-specific symptom questionnaire and answer tailored behavior recommendations on the patient side improves diabetic care.

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CANKADO is approved as an active Class I medical device within the European Union (registration number DE/CA59/11976/2017) and is compliant with the FDA classification for Mobile Medical Devices (2015) Appendix B.

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