As per the report from CDC[Centers for disease control and prevention], people with certain chronic medical conditions are at a high risk of contracting the corona virus[COVID 19]. And, these include diseases affecting the heart, lungs, and chronic diseases like cancer and diabetes. The virus has a severe impact on patients whose immune system is weak.
The coronavirus infection risk in diabetes patients is high due to poor glycemic control. People with diabetes are more prone to catching an infection and dealing with it compared to normal people. If you are a diabetes patient who has managed diabetes well, then you will experience the Coronavirus infection effects like a person without diabetes.
For this reason, diabetes mellitus patients must cater well to the precaution measures advised by the health authorities. Before that, let’s understand what all a diabetes patient must know about novel coronavirus or COVID-19.
COVID-19 falls into the category of the coronavirus family, which causes common cold to serious respiratory issues. The coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan city, China in December 2019, was identified as a novel coronavirus that mutated from the SARS-COV outbreak in 2002. This novel coronavirus is named SARS-COV 2 [ Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2]. Now it is widely spreading across the world.
Are diabetes patients at high risk? Yes, but to what extent depends. If a patient is well in managing the glucose level, then the severity is low. Even in China, the death rate was more for people living with diabetes. So, ensure extra care and follow prevention measures to refrain from it.
If coronavirus infects a diabetes patient with poor glucose control, then the complications are worse. The varying glucose level makes it difficult to treat. Also, the weak immune system of a patient results in a long recovery period. Another complication is the diabetes ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetes patients. There are chances of sepsis shock in COVID-19 victims and, diabetes ketoacidosis makes it difficult to manage. Thus, once coronavirus infection happens in diabetes patients, it is difficult to treat it.
The symptoms of novel coronavirus infection in diabetes patients are the same as those in a normal person. It includes fever, cough, sore throat, shortness of breath. It can become severe, leading to pneumonia. The threatening fact of the novel coronavirus is that before a person exhibits symptoms, they can transmit it.
We don’t need to be panic but must be cautious. If you are a serious diabetes patient or elder citizen, it is better to self-quarantine for weeks. In this period, maintain stringent hygiene conditions. Collect medicines, insulin doses, groceries, and household items beforehand. Try to maintain your glucose level and always get connected to your doctor for guidelines.
If you exhibit coronavirus symptoms, then make sure you follow these,
Consume more fluid to avoid dehydration
Keep a regular check on your glucose level in the body
Take over-the-counter medication
Bring down cough and fever with proper medication
Check for ketones
Coronavirus is spreading throughout the world, but by following the guidelines, we can stay away from the infection. Stay safe, avoid crowds, and be clean all the time. We will overcome COVID-19 together.
Cankado has an innovation to improve medical care of patients in the phase of diabetes treatment. The digital healthcare application, Pro-react Diabetes that works based on electronic patient-reported outcome[Epro], assists both patients and physicians in tracking the disease progression. The feature of an auto-generated situation-specific symptom questionnaire and answer tailored behavior recommendations on the patient side improves diabetic care.
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CANKADO is approved as an active Class I medical device within the European Union (registration number DE/CA59/11976/2017) and is compliant with the FDA classification for Mobile Medical Devices (2015) Appendix B.